Kansas Livestock Association Convention, Supply and Demand Trade Deals, How do Food Recalls Affect the Beef Industry, Premium Discounts

Welcome to Episode 34 of BCI Cattle Chat!  Please click on the links below to be taken to any sources mentioned in the podcast. Keep an eye out for news about our exciting upcoming guests on both Twitter and Facebook.

 

1:50 – Kansas Livestock Association Convention

3:05 – Supply and Demand for the United States

15:05 – How do Food Recalls Affect the Industry?

19:30 – Premium Discounts

 

For more on BCI Cattle Chat, follow us on Twitter @The_BCI, and check out our new website, ksubci.org. If you have any comments/questions/topic ideas, please send them to bci@ksu.edu. Don’t forget if you enjoy the show, please go give us a rating in iTunes or Google Play.

International Symposium of Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics, Supplementation Frequency, Calf Preparation, Calf Scours, The Cattle Cycle

Welcome to Episode 33 of BCI Cattle Chat!  Please click on the links below to be taken to any sources mentioned in the podcast. Keep an eye out for news about our exciting upcoming guests on both Twitter and Facebook.

3:00 – International Symposium of Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics

4:20 – Supplementation Frequency

10:27 – Calf Preparation

Research and Extension Calving Schools

13:25 – Calf Scours

18:28 – The Cattle Cycle

For more on BCI Cattle Chat, follow us on Twitter @The_BCI, and check out our new website, ksubci.org. If you have any comments/questions/topic ideas, please send them to bci@ksu.edu. Don’t forget if you enjoy the show, please go give us a rating in iTunes or Google Play.

Sustainable Beef 101 with Foodservice Professionals, Patti’s Experiences in the Foodservice Industry, Research in Dietetics, Sustainability

Welcome to Episode 32 of BCI Cattle Chat where we visit with Director of Beef Value Chain Alliances at the Beef Cattle Institute, Patti Dollarhide.  For more information on the Patti’s work, or to ask her a question please visit https://ksubci.org/value-chain-alliances/.

3:30 – Sustainable Beef 101: Foodservice Professionals Tour

Autumn Beef & Cider Stew Recipe

Spicy Korean Beef & Cucumber Appetizer Recipe 

 Beef Jerky Trail Mix

9:10 – Patti’s Experiences in Dietetics

14:30 – Why Research is Important in Dietetics

17:15 – Sustainability

For more on BCI Cattle Chat, follow us on Twitter @The_BCI, and check out our new website, ksubci.org. If you have any comments/questions/topic ideas, please send them to bci@ksu.edu. Don’t forget if you enjoy the show, please give us a rating in iTunes or Google Play.

 

Stretching Hay Resources, Growth in Breeding Technologies, Drones in Agriculture, Windbreaks

Welcome to Episode 31 of BCI Cattle Chat!  Please click on the links below to be taken to any sources mentioned in the podcast. Keep an eye out for news about our exciting upcoming guests on both Twitter and Facebook.

3:10 – Stretching Hay Resources

9:20 – Growth in Breeding Technology

14:00 – Drones in Agriculture

17:45 – Windbreaks

Windbreak/Shelter-belt Establishment  

For more on BCI Cattle Chat, follow us on Twitter @The_BCI, and check out our new website, ksubci.org. If you have any comments/questions/topic ideas, please send them to bci@ksu.edu. Don’t forget if you enjoy the show, please go give us a rating in iTunes or Google Play.

Kansas Livestock Association History, KLA Convention and How to get Involved, Electronic Logging Devices in Transportation, Antibiotic Policy

Welcome to Episode 30 of BCI Cattle Chat where we visit with Chief Executive Officer of the Kansas Livestock Association, Matt Teagarden.  For more information on the Kansas Livestock Association, visit their website at https://www.kla.org/.

2:45 – The History of the Kansas Livestock Association

8:35 – Kansas Livestock Association Convention and How to get Involved

15:15 – Electronic Logging Devices in Transportation

20:20 – Antibiotic Policy

For more on BCI Cattle Chat, follow us on Twitter @The_BCI, and check out our new website, ksubci.org. If you have any comments/questions/topic ideas, please send them to bci@ksu.edu. Don’t forget if you enjoy the show, please give us a rating in iTunes or Google Play.

What is CattleTrace, Disease Traceability, Objectives of CattleTrace, Who is Participating, What makes this time different?

Welcome to Episode 29 of BCI Cattle Chat where we had the opportunity to speak with Cassie Kniebel, Program Manager of CattleTrace.

The CattleTrace Pilot Project is being designed as a multi-phased initiative to trace animals through the supply chain and identify opportunities to improve the robustness of the system. With development and outreach taking place in the first three quarters of 2018, the goal is to initiate data collection and cattle tracing in fall 2018.

For more information on CattleTrace, please visit their website at https://www.cattletrace.org/. 

2:35 – Introduction of Cassie Kniebel, Program Manager of CattleTrace

7:40 – What is CattleTrace?

10:10 – Disease Traceability

14:00 – Objectives of CattleTrace

17:48 – Who is Participating?

20:30 – What Makes This Time Different?

For more on BCI Cattle Chat, follow us on Twitter @The_BCI, and check out our new website, ksubci.org. If you have any comments/questions/topic ideas, please send them to bci@ksu.edu. Don’t forget if you enjoy the show, please go give us a rating in iTunes or Google Play.

Guest A.J. Tarpoff, What is BQA and Why it’s Important, BQA Certification in Feedyards and Packing Plants, Cattle Care, Cattle Handling

Welcome to Episode 28 of BCI Cattle Chat which is sponsored by the Kansas Beef Council! This week we had the opportunity to learn about Beef Quality Assurance from Extension Beef Veterinarian, A.J. Tarpoff.  For more information on BQA, visit their website at https://www.bqa.org/.

To find a location near you that offers BQA Training, go to https://www.bqa.org/events. Online certification is also offered.

2:45 – Guest Introduction with A.J. Tarpoff

4:00 – What is BQA and Why is it Important?

8:40 – BQA Certification

12:25 – Next Week’s Guest

19:25 – Cattle Care and Handling

For more on BCI Cattle Chat, follow us on Twitter @The_BCI, and check out our new website, ksubci.org. If you have any comments/questions/topic ideas, please send them to bci@ksu.edu. Don’t forget if you enjoy the show, please go give us a rating in iTunes or Google Play.

 

Dr. Jaymelynn Farney Introduction, Nutrition in Fall Cows, How much Corn Can a Cow Eat, Cover Crop Recommendations, Potential Diseases in Cover Crops,Sunflower Supreme Heifer Sale

Welcome to Episode 27 of BCI Cattle Chat where we hear from special guest, Dr. Jaymelynn Farney, Beef Extension Specialist!  Stay tuned to hear from more upcoming guests throughout the month. Please click on the links below to be taken to any sources mentioned in the podcast.

1:17 – Guest Introduction – Dr. Jaymelynn Farney

3:00 – Nutrition in Fall Cows

4:57 – How much Corn can a Cow Eat?

8:15 – Cover Crop Recommendations

Cost-return budget cover crops – http://agmanager.info/farm-mgmt-guides/livestock-budgets/ksu-cover-crop-cost-return-budget

15:30 – Potential Diseases in Cover Crops

24:20 – Sunflower Supreme Heifer Sale

For more on BCI Cattle Chat, follow us on Twitter @The_BCI, and check out our new website, ksubci.org. If you have any comments/questions/topic ideas, please send them to bci@ksu.edu. Don’t forget if you enjoy the show, to please go give us a rating in iTunes or Google Play.

 

Vet Call: The role of the veterinarian in your business

By Dr. Bob Larson, DVM, professor of production medicine
Reprinted with permission from the Angus Journal.

Many people impact the success of your ranching business, including your customers, your lenders and your suppliers. One of the important suppliers for cow-calf producers is the local veterinarian. Veterinarians can provide important advice and service to improve ranch income, decrease costs, provide protection from losses due to disease, and offer options for marketing high-health cattle.

Ranch income is primarily derived from the sale of calves either at weaning for commercial operations or as breeding bulls or heifers for seedstock producers. Commercial ranchers can increase their income by increasing the pounds of calves at weaning and seedstock operations the number of marketable breeding animals from the same land and cow resources by increasing the reproductive efficiency of the herd. Veterinarians can provide advice and services to monitor and evaluate heifers, cows, and bulls so that a high percentage of the herd is able to successfully mate at the start of each breeding season.

Nutrition has an important impact on whether or not growing bulls and heifers reach puberty at an appropriate age and your veterinarian may be able to provide you with appropriate diets to meet targeted weight gain goals. Genetics also strongly influences whether developing bulls and heifers reach puberty by target ages, and your veterinarian is a valuable resource when considering selection and culling decisions. By doing breeding soundness examinations of bulls and heifers near yearling age, your veterinarian can help you identify the individuals that reach puberty at the time and with the amount of feed resources that you have identified to meet your ranch goals.

Doing breeding soundness examinations of mature bulls prior to the start of each breeding season allows your veterinarian to remove bulls that may fail during the breeding season due to foot or leg problems, other health problems, or reproductive tract problems. Although the reproductive tracts of mature cows are not routinely evaluated before the start of each breeding season, managing and monitoring the cows to confirm that a high percentage of the cows calve early enough in the calving season and in good enough body condition to resume fertile cycles by the start of the breeding season helps to ensure that herd reproductive efficiency will be high.

Monitoring body condition scores of the cow herd and rainfall amounts as predictors of future forage production potential allows your veterinarian to provide advice on a changing year-by-year basis to alter stocking density, timing of weaning, and supplementation strategies to ensure that cows enter the calving and breeding seasons in good body condition. The land base and herd size dictate much of the cost-side of cow-calf production and making sure that a high percentage of the cow herd becomes pregnant early in the breeding season allows those costs to be spread over a large number of marketable calves. By using body condition scores collected at several key points in the production cycle, your veterinarian can help you fine-tune the management of your herd based on the ranch forage-base, and the availability of cost-effective supplements or grazing alternatives, and the optimum cow size and milking ability for your herd.

While every production year is expected to generate income from the sale of calves and to incur expenses associated with pasture and supplementation costs as well as cow depreciation and bull costs, significant losses due to disease are expected to be a rare event for cattle operations. Losses that are expected to occur rarely if at all but that could have a devastating impact on the financial status of a ranch if they did occur must be managed with cost-effective risk management strategies. Because disease losses do not occur every year, providing no defense may appear to be a sufficient and very low-cost management strategy in the short-run. However, over a longer time-frame, it would be very unusual for a herd with minimal disease protection to avoid devastating financial losses due to disease at some point in the future. Your veterinarian can provide valuable information about the likelihood that your herd could suffer losses from various diseases and the expected magnitude of those losses should your herd be exposed. By considering the likelihood of a disease, the magnitude of losses associated with that disease, and the effectiveness of available control strategies, your veterinarian can work with you to optimize the disease risk management of your ranching business.

Marketing of cattle, whether feeder calves or breeding animals, increasingly includes information about health status. When considering the optimum herd health program from a marketing standpoint, the risks that down-stream buyers face and their willingness to purchase from suppliers who can reduce that risk must be considered. For example, your herd may have very low risk for a disease and incurring expenses through diagnostic testing or herd certification may not reduce your herd’s already minimal risk, but the costs could easily be offset by customers willing to pay for that low disease risk. Increasingly, you must think of your down-stream customers as you work with your veterinarian to plan a health program that not only meets the needs of your herd but also provides a cost-effective marketing advantage.

A successful cattle business requires a combination of cattle and business expertise. Many successful ranchers count on a trusted team of advisors and suppliers to help them improve the profitability and sustainability of their ranching businesses. Finding and working with a local veterinarian who can provide assistance to increase income, control costs and manage risks should be a goal of every cattle producer.

Dr. Bob Larson is a professor of production medicine with the College of Veterinary Medicine at Kansas State University, Edgar E. and Elizabeth Coleman Chair of Food Animal Production Medicine, executive director of Veterinary Medical Continuing Education, and faculty member with the Beef Cattle Institute. He specializes in the integration of animal health, production efficiency and economic considerations in beef cattle production. This column is reprinted and redistributed with permission from the Angus Journal.

Food Expenditures,Replacement Heifer Vaccinations, Economics of Cover Crops, Buying Feeder Calves and Value of Old Cattle

Welcome to Episode 26 of BCI Cattle Chat!  Please click on the links below to be taken to any sources mentioned in the podcast. Keep an eye out for news about our exciting upcoming guests on both Twitter and Facebook.

1:15 – Food Expenditures

6:25 – Replacement Heifer Vaccinations

10:25 – Economics of Cover Crops

14:18 – Buying Feeder Calves

Decision Tools – https://www.agmanager.info/decision-tools

Beef Cattle Institute Calculators – https://ksubci.org/portfolio/calculators/

18:30 – Value of Old Cattle

For more on BCI Cattle Chat, follow us on Twitter @The_BCI, and check out our new website, ksubci.org. If you have any comments/questions/topic ideas, please send them to bci@ksu.edu. Don’t forget if you enjoy the show, to please go give us a rating in iTunes or Google Play.

Guest Introduction, Performance Table, Fad Diets, Adolescent and Incoming Athletes, Beef for Athletes

Welcome to Episode 25 of BCI Cattle Chat where we hear from special guest, Kylie Hanson, Performance Table Manager and Sports Dietician!  Stay tuned to hear from more upcoming guests throughout the month. Please click on the links below to be taken to any sources mentioned in the podcast.

:20 – Guest Introduction

3:45 – K-State Athletics Performance Table

8:35 – Fad Diets

11:05 – Adolescent and Incoming Athletes

16:30 – Beef for Athletes

For more on BCI Cattle Chat, follow us on Twitter @The_BCI, and check out our new website, ksubci.org. If you have any comments/questions/topic ideas, please send them to bci@ksu.edu. Don’t forget if you enjoy the show, to please go give us a rating in iTunes or Google Play.

Gordon Food Service Distributor Show: A growing appetite for product transparency

By Patti Dollarhide, R.D., director of beef value chain alliances

The food service industry, much like the cattle industry, is built on relationships. We develop a network of people we want to do business with, trade ideas with and eventually trust.

Recently at the Gordon Food Service (GFS) show in Grand Rapids, Michigan, it was evident that the company’s food service customers are looking for suppliers they can trust, including those who provide beef.

GFS took a big step to demonstrate they value their customers and suppliers by providing an attempt at product transparency with a new program called “Clear Choice.”  Each of their vendors, including beef suppliers, were asked if the items they provide meet the criteria for one or all of six attributes. If their customer wants to find products that have one or more of these attributes, they can now locate them with a quick sort of the GFS product catalog.

Attributes and descriptions:

  • Cleaner Ingredients, meaning one, several or all of the following “no’s” are met:
    • No artificial flavors, preservatives, sweeteners, thickeners or emulsifiers, color from artificial sources, high fructose corn syrup, MSG, trans fats or GMOs
  • Specialty Agriculture:
    • Certifications are in place for USDA Organic, Food Alliance or Biodynamic
  • Animal Care:
    • Certifications for one or more: American Humane Association, Animal Welfare Approved, Cage Free, Crate Free, Free Range, Global Animal Partnership, Grass Fed, Pasture Raised, Raised without Added Hormones, Raised without Antibiotics
  • Sustainable Seafood:
    • Certifications in place for one or more: Aquaculture Stewardship Council, Best Aquaculture Practices, Marine Stewardship Council, Monterey Bay Aquarium Seafood Watch
  • Ethically Sourced:
    • Third-party certifications in place: Fair Trade, International Farmer Direct Sourced, Rainforest Alliance
  • Environmentally Friendly:
    • Third-party certifications in place: Biodegradable Products Institute Compostable, Compostable and Biodegradable, EcoLogo, Green Seal, Made from Recycled Materials, Made from Renewable Resources, SaferChoice

Beef fits in five of those six “Clear Choice” boxes. (Sorry, we cannot make the grade for Sustainable Seafood!) No doubt, the descriptions of the GFS attributes will mature and continue to be reviewed.  Transparency is a journey we are on together. How timely it is for the U.S. Roundtable for Sustainable Beef (USRSB) to be working on six similar attributes, and put compliance targets in place to help our beef industry continue to improve. See more from USRSB here: https://www.usrsb.org/. Kudos to GFS for showcasing what their vendors are already doing, as well as setting targets for the future. Learn more about GFS’s Clear Choice program here: https://www.gfs.com/en-us/products/clear-choice.

Educational sessions were held in conjunction with the show. The BCI presented “What’s the ‘Beef’ about Beef, Health and Sustainability?” for healthcare, and college and university food service leaders as well as distributor salespeople. Participants noted they learned new information about the beef industry. Normally the message they receive is to reduce beef consumption. It was refreshing to have an engaged audience who learned something new as a result of the information.

Relationships –– what a pleasure to reconnect with industry food service professionals that I had worked with since 1995 and trust. This food business gets in your blood just like raising cattle. More than 20 years later, my colleagues are still asking their distribution partners to find quality products at a reasonable price, but now we also want to feel good about our purchases and what we choose to eat.

Food service customers are asking for more transparency. Beef producers know the answers. Let’s figure out how to translate them to the people who want to enjoy eating beef.

 

Gardiner Lecture, Cattle in the United States, Rate of Gain in Replacement Heifers, Corn-Stalk Forage

Welcome to Episode 24 of BCI Cattle Chat!  Please click on the links below to be taken to any sources mentioned in the podcast.  Tune into next week’s episode to hear from a special guest.

:50 – Gardiner Lecture ( Why there doesn’t need to be a global food crisis)

2:38 – Cattle in the United States

6:00 – Rate of Gain in Replacement Heifers

Dr. Bob Weaber has provided a resource for rates of gain required for Replacement Heifers Developed to Different Target Weights at Breeding. You can find that worksheet below the show notes. 

19:38 – Corn-Stalk Forage 

For more on BCI Cattle Chat, follow us on Twitter @The_BCI, and on find podcast episodes on our website, ksubci.org. Please send comments/questions/topic ideas, to bci@ksu.edu. If you enjoy the show, please give us a rating in iTunes or Google Play.

Screen Shot 2018-10-12 at 9.40.44 AM

Using the Pregnancy Analytics Mobile App: Evaluating data

The Beef Cattle Institute’s Dr. Bob Larson brings you a series of “cases” employing the use of the Pregnancy Analytics mobile app. Each case will explore a unique herd and examine its reproductive efficiency, strengths, challenges and areas of improvement. The reports (linked below) will lead you through using the Pregnancy Analytics app to utilize the data and practice using it on an actual problem herd.

The case: Diagnosing poor fertility

A herd of 187 commercial cows was palpated on September 19. The herd was split into three breeding pastures and bulls were turned out on May 30. All cows were moved to a new pasture on August 1 to run together with bulls removed. During the breeding season 38 were in the “South Pasture,” 47 were in the “Home Pasture,” and 102 were in the “Webster Pasture.” All  heifers and about half the first-calf heifers were in the Webster Pasture.

At preg-check, 59 cows were open (68.5% were pregnant) and 80% of the cows were in moderate body condition (BCS 5 up to 6) while 17% were classified as being in thin body condition. 10.4% of the herd became pregnant in the first 21 days (pregnancies would have been 91 to 112 days), 23.6% in the second 21-day period (79-90 days), 17.6% in the third 21-day period (49-89 days), and 18.7% in the fourth 21-day period (28-48 days). The goal for this herd (and for most herds) is to have at least 60% of the cows becoming pregnant in the first 21 days of breeding.

Q_whole.png

Something isn’t right here. The poor overall percentage pregnant clearly indicates a problem and the percent pregnant by 21-day interval provides information that the poor reproductive performance continued for the entire breeding season.

To evaluate further, the Pregnancy Analytics App provides a way to easily divide the herd into pertinent sub-groups. When the pregnancy success by 21 days is evaluated by age group, we find that none of the age groups perform well, and the heifers perform particularly poorly. (First-calf heifers are defined as those cows suckling their first calf and being bred for their second pregnancy.)

Q_age

More information can be found by displaying % Preg Success and finding that while neither the 1st-calf heifers nor the cows performed well the first, second, and third 21-day periods, both these age groups improved slightly the forth 21 days, but still were below the expected 60-70% pregnancy success expected. In addition, the heifers performed very poorly throughout the breeding season.

Q_success_whole.png

So far, the information doesn’t narrow the rule-out list. Problems with heifer development, a similar calving pattern last year that results in many cows not calving until after the breeding season has started, and poor bull fertility or Trichomoniasis are all possible contributors to this herd’s poor performance.

Click to download and read the full case report.

 

Poll Results, Opinions on Forage Testing, NIAA Traceability Meeting, Cull/Market Cows

Welcome to Episode 23 of BCI Cattle Chat!  Please click on the links below to be taken to any sources mentioned in the podcast. Keep an eye out for news about our exciting upcoming guests on both Twitter and Facebook.

1:38 –      Poll results from listeners

Should we test forage. Why?

12: 30 –   National Institute for Animal Agriculture (NIAA) meeting on traceability 

17:50 –    Cull/Maket cows

For more on BCI Cattle Chat, follow us on Twitter @The_BCI, and on find podcast episodes on our website, ksubci.org. Please send comments/questions/topic ideas, to bci@ksu.edu. If you enjoy the show, please give us a rating in iTunes or Google Play.

#FarmFoodTour: Changing perspectives

By Patti Dollarhide, R.D, director of beef value chain alliances

How does life on the farm look to those who are three generations or more removed from production agriculture? More specifically, to those who write about food for a living? That was my burning question before the 2018 Kansas #FarmFoodTour, sponsored by the Kansas Farm Bureau and Kansas Soybean Commission, and the reason I was so thrilled to attend the event. To farmers and ranchers, opening your agricultural business to people armed with social media skills and cameras could be intimidating, especially with the activity fall brings: harvesting crops, moving cattle, hustling to school events and more.

Consumer surveys tell those of us who work in agriculture it is important to connect with our customers and to be transparent about what we do. The Kansas Farm Bureau and the Kansas Soybean Commission made that possible for a group of eight women with expansive social media followings. The women, food and lifestyle bloggers and urban dwellers met, Kansas agriculture head on by devoting an entire week to see for themselves where food comes from and how it is handled.

Check out the hashtag “#FarmFoodTour” on Twitter and Instagram and decide for yourself if the tour had an impact on what the bloggers are now sharing with their readers. There are positive comments, aha moments and beautiful photography. Their photos show what our farmers and ranchers do, and what our consumers sometimes take for granted. Cattle, pigs, children, corn, combines, tractors, pumpkins, pasture flowers, beautiful fresh food and a lifestyle that is difficult to comprehend unless you see it firsthand. Those ladies left Kansas with a new appreciation for who our farmers and ranchers are and what they do.

Coordinators Meagan Cramer, Kansas Farm Bureau, and Jancey Hall, Kansas Soybean Commission, know the power of letting people first look, and then ask questions.  Meagan and Jancey recruited Amy France, a Kansas Farm Bureau Young Farmers & Ranchers representative from Marienthal, who shared the farmer’s view throughout the tour. She spoke from the heart as she talked about her own family, the economics of farming and the decision processes that are part of choosing how to produce food. I was ready to talk hormones, antibiotics, low-stress animal handling, concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs), but the gal next to me wanted to better understand grass, hay bales and why a rancher would move an animal to so many different places on the same farm, let alone sell the animal to someone else.  Some lightbulbs came on for all of us during our three-day trek across the state on a Wi-Fi-enabled bus (a necessity for a blogger). I was amazed how they worked to develop their personal brands with their writing styles and photos they posted tirelessly. The bloggers were surprised at farmers’ and ranchers’ vast knowledge from  animal husbandry, advanced technology and marketing, to government regulations and politics –– and that they also take on significant personal financial risk.

A special thanks to the tour hosts: Craig and Amy Good, Good Family Farms, Olsburg; Derek and Katie Sawyer, Sawyer Land and Cattle, McPherson; Clint and Amy France, France Family Farms, Marienthal and Scott City; Lee Reeve, Reeve Cattle Company Garden City; Forget-Me-Not Farms Dairy, Cimarron; Matt and Amy Perrier, Dalebanks Angus, Eureka; and Scott Thellman, Juniper Hill Farms, Lawrence. The bloggers saw the passion our farmers and ranchers take in handing down their operations to the next generations and the pride they have in producing safe and wholesome food for the world.

More information:

Kansas Farm Bureau
Kansas Soybean Commission 

Good Farms Angus
Sawyer Land and Cattle
France Family Farms
Reeve Cattle Co., Inc.
Forget-Me-Not Farms
Dalebanks Angus 
Juniper Hill Farms

Patti Dollarhide is a registered dietitian and director of the Beef Cattle Institute’s beef value chain alliances.

Growing Populations, Body Condition Score, Hay Testing and Labor Shortage

Welcome to Episode 22 of BCI Cattle Chat!  Please click on the links below to be taken to any sources mentioned in the podcast.

:45 –      Growing Populations

9:40 –    Body Condition Score

14:25 –   Hay Testing

20:05 –   Labor Shortage in Agriculture

For more on BCI Cattle Chat, follow us on Twitter @The_BCI, and check out our new website, ksubci.org. If you have any comments/questions/topic ideas, please send them to bci@ksu.edu. Don’t forget if you enjoy the show, to please go give us a rating in iTunes or Google Play.

Research Update: Controlling pre-weaning respiratory disease in beef calves

Study suggests vaccination at fall pregnancy checking may increase immunity against pneumonia during the first 30 days of life.

Respiratory disease in pre-weaning beef calves is a growing problem among Midwestern cow-calf herds. In recent studies, prevalence of pre-weaning calf pneumonia has been observed affecting as many as 20%-30% of calves in some operations.

The main factors in determining disease or health in young beef or dairy calves are the transfer of maternal immunity and the duration of maternal immunity.

Dr. Manuel Chamorro, clinical assistant professor with Kansas State University’s College of Veterinary Medicine Livestock Services, recently completed research as part of a team investigating the effectiveness of vaccinating pregnant heifers at 6-8 months gestation to prevent pre-weaning respiratory disease.

The study
Dr. Chamorro, together with Dr. Emily Reppert and Dr. Lacey Robinson, Livestock Services; Joyce Wick, fourth-year veterinary student; and Dr. Natalia Cernicchiaro, Department of Diagnostic Medicine and Pathobiology; are in the process of publishing the study results.

First-calf heifers vaccinated prior to breeding with a modified live virus (MLV) multivalent vaccine containing BVDV 1, BVDV 2 and BHV-1 were split into two groups. One group received two doses of a killed virus multivalent vaccine 21 days apart between 6.5 and 8 months gestation. The second group received a shot of saline solution. The group then measured the total serum IgG and neutralizing antibodies to BVDV 1, BVDV 2 and BHV-1 in newborn calves.

“The question is, ‘Is the just the total IgG level from colostrum enough,’” Chamorro asked, “or are there other factors? We believe it doesn’t matter the amount of antibodies but their specificity. You can have a high level of antibodies, broad spectrum, but if you are lacking specific antibodies against respiratory disease, your calves may still have it.”

The findings
Serum samples collected from dams revealed higher antibody titers to BVDV 1, BVDV 2 and BHV-1 in heifers vaccinated with the killed virus vaccine during gestation than the control group. Similarly, the mean serum antibody titers to BVDV 1, BVDV 2 and BHV-1 of calves at 24 hours old born to heifers vaccinated during late gestation were also higher.

Ultimately, the group’s study found that vaccinating beef cows during 6-8 months of gestation would reflect an increase in specific antibodies in maternal colostrum and would result in better antibody uptake in young calves. Higher serum antibody titers to the specific disease might result in prolonged duration of maternally derived immunity and better protection against respiratory disease during the pre-weaning period.

“It’s a good idea,” Dr. Chamorro said of vaccinating pregnant cows and heifers against common cattle respiratory pathogens during fall pregnancy checking. “It’s affordable and we’ve seen results.”

Abstract: BVDV and BHV-1 antibody levels in colostrum of beef heifers vaccinated or unvaccinated during gestation with a multivalent killed viral respiratory vaccine

Abstract: Maternally-derived BVDV and BHV-1 antibodies in calves born to dams vaccinated or not during gestation

Dr. Manuel Chamorro is a clinical assistant professor for Livestock Services with the Kansas State University College of Veterinary Medicine. Dr. Chamorro’s research interests are concentrated on respiratory viruses of cattle with specific emphasis in BVDV and in the effect of colostrum-derived immunity on clinical protection and immune response to vaccination in calves. Another area of interest for Dr. Chamorro is the use of bovine colostrum or colostrum replacers as an alternative to reduce disease and the use of antibiotics in calves. 

Guest Introduction, Meat Consumption, Manhattan Meat Market, Megatrends in Agriculture and AABP Meeting

This week on BCI Cattle Chat, we had the honor of visiting with Josh Roe who is part owner of the Manhattan Meat Market while also working for the Kansas Department of Agriculture. Click on any links to be taken to sources mentioned in the podcast.

1:05 –   Guest Introduction

Josh Roe – Part Owner of Manhattan Meat Market and Staff of KDA

(jroe445@hotmail.com)

1:50 –   Meat Consumption

8:08 –   Manhattan Meat Market

15:10 – Megatrends in Agriculture

22:33 – American Association of Bovine Practitioners 

For more on BCI Cattle Chat, follow us on Twitter @The_BCI, and check out our new website, ksubci.org. If you have any comments/questions/topic ideas, please send them to bci@ksu.edu. Don’t forget if you enjoy the show, to please go give us a rating in iTunes or Google Play.

Hosted By: Dr. Brad White, Dr. Bob Larson, Dr. Bob Weaber and Dr. Dustin Pendell

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Kansas State Fair, Global Production, Guest Introductions, Challenges of Buying Bulls and CARE Decision Support Grant

We have two special guests on the podcast this week from both Nebraska and Kentucky! Dr. Darrh Bullock and Dr. Matt Spangler are both professors in beef genetics while also working in the extension field. To find out more information about our guests, please click on their names below.  Click on any links to be taken to sources mentioned in the podcast.

1:25 – State Fair

3:45 – Global Production

10:15 – Guest Introductions

Darrh Bullock – Extension Professor at the University of Kentucky in Beef Genetics

Matt Spangler – Professor at the University of Nebraska and Extension Specialist

11:10 – Challenges of Buying Bulls

20:15 – CARE Decision Support Grant – Customized Index 

For more on BCI Cattle Chat, follow us on Twitter @The_BCI, and check out our new website, ksubci.org. If you have any comments/questions/topic ideas, please send them to bci@ksu.edu. Don’t forget if you enjoy the show, to please go give us a rating in iTunes or Google Play.

Hosted By: Dr. Brad White, Dr. Bob Larson, Dr. Bob Weaber and Dr. Dustin Pendell

 

Contest Winner, Questions on Trade, Atypical vs. Typical BSE, Cover Crops and Handling Vaccines

Welcome to Episode 19 of BCI Cattle Chat!  Please click on the links below to be taken to any sources mentioned in the podcast.

1:45 – Contest Winner

4:30 – Questions on Trade

10:40 – Atypical vs. Typical BSE

13:20 – Cover Crops

18:30 – Vaccine Handling

For more on BCI Cattle Chat, follow us on Twitter @The_BCI, and check out our new website, ksubci.org. If you have any comments/questions/topic ideas, please send them to bci@ksu.edu. Don’t forget if you enjoy the show, to please go give us a rating in iTunes or Google Play.

Hosted By: Dr. Brad White, Dr. Bob Larson, Dr. Bob Weaber and Dr. Dustin Pendell

Using the Pregnancy Analytics Mobile App: Analyzing a problem herd

The Beef Cattle Institute’s Dr. Bob Larson brings you a series of “cases” employing the use of the Pregnancy Analytics mobile app. Each case will explore a unique herd and examine its reproductive efficiency, strengths, challenges and areas of improvement. The reports (linked below) will lead you through using the Pregnancy Analytics app to utilize the data and practice using it on an actual problem herd.

The case: Efficient, but there’s room for improvement in first-calf heifers

The first report examines data from a herd of 274 commercial cows palpated on Sept. 4. The herd was turned out onto one pasture with 9 bulls on May 20. One hundred eighteen of the cows were predominantly Angus, 69 were black white-faced Hereford and Angus cross, and 87 cows were a mix of mostly Angus breeds and composites.

At pregnancy checking, 92.7% of the cows were pregnant, with only 20 cows open. The majority of cows were in moderate body condition score (BCS). The goal of this herd (and for most herds) was for 60% of the cows to become pregnant in the first 21 days of breeding. It succeeded, with 62.6%. That’s considered a win, and the herd is considered to have very good reproductive overall efficiency. However, the Pregnancy Analytics app can divide the herd into valuable sub-groups, including age, revealing that the herd’s first-calf heifers did not breed up as well in the first 21 days (31%) as in the second 21 days (46.6%).

2_Pregnancy distribution_by age

Another point illustrated by graphs automatically generated by the app is that cow breed-up in the third 21 days was lower, which may indicate a problem late in the breeding season.

1_Pregnancy distribution_whole herd

Click to download and view the full report.

Dr. Larson’s follow-up questions:

Are heifers in this herd bred to calve ahead of the mature cows? Do you have calving dates for the heifers?
I encourage producers to breed heifers to calve ahead of the cows so that they have additional time to resume fertile cycles between calving and the start of the next breeding season. Some herds are able to breed heifers to calve at the same time as the cows and not experience a drop in pregnancy success for young cows getting bred for their second pregnancy (1st calf heifers) compared to the mature cows – but if this age group has poorer breed-up than the mature cows during the first 21 days of the breeding season, then I think a strong suggestion to move heifer breeding earlier is justified.

Starting about the end of June or the first of July (this would coincide with the end of the 2nd 21-day period), did any of the bulls have any problems? If not, what were pasture conditions and cow health like starting in late June?
Act on the information you receive from these questions.

 

Questions on Vaccines, USRSB, Transitioning the Ranch, and Grazing Management Plans

Welcome to this week’s bonus episode with special guest Debbie Lyons-Blythe! Please click on the links below to be taken to any sources mentioned in the podcast. Don’t forget to send in stories for this week’s contest!

1:05 – Re-Introduction of Guest

2:10 – Questions on Vaccines

10:20 – U.S. Roundtable for Sustainable Beef

15:30 – How to Transition your Ranch to the Next Generation

21:20 – Grazing Management Plans

For more on BCI Cattle Chat, follow us on Twitter @The_BCI, and check out our new website, ksubci.org. If you have any comments/questions/topic ideas, please send them to bci@ksu.edu. Don’t forget if you enjoy the show, to please go give us a rating in iTunes or Google Play.

Hosted By: Dr. Brad White, Dr. Bob Larson, Dr. Bob Weaber and Dr. Dustin Pendell

Guest Introduction, Kansas Ag Summit, Consumer Questions, Advocacy in Agriculture and Selecting Replacement Heifers

We have a special guest on the podcast this week! Debbie Lyons-Blythe joined the crew for not only one episode, but two. There will be a bonus episode released later this week. Please click on the links below to be taken to any sources mentioned in the podcast. Don’t forget to send in stories for this week’s contest!

2:05 – Kansas Ag Summit

7:40 – Questions about Consumers

13:30 – Advocacy in Agriculture

19:20 – Selecting Replacement Heifers

For more on BCI Cattle Chat, follow us on Twitter @The_BCI, and check out our new website, ksubci.org. If you have any comments/questions/topic ideas, please send them to bci@ksu.edu. Don’t forget if you enjoy the show, to please go give us a rating in iTunes or Google Play.

Hosted By: Dr. Brad White, Dr. Bob Larson, Dr. Bob Weaber and Dr. Dustin Pendell

Contest Announcement, Challenges of Agriculture in 2018, K-State Ranching Summit and Starting Weaned Calves on Feed

CONTEST ANNOUNCEMENT!!!!

Welcome to BCI Cattle Chat! Clink on the links below to be taken to the websites and sources mentioned in the podcast.

1:20 – Contest Announcement

2:25 – Greatest Challenges for Ag in 2018

6:33 – Ranching Summit

16:20 – Getting Weaned Calves Started on Feed

For more on BCI Cattle Chat, follow us on Twitter @The_BCI, and check out our new website, ksubci.org. If you have any comments/questions/topic ideas, please send them to bci@ksu.edu.

Hosted By: Dr. Brad White, Dr. Bob Larson, Dr. Bob Weaber and Dr. Dustin Pendell